What are common signs and symptoms of periodontal disease?
In the early stages, periodontal disease can be reversed simply by reinforcing proper oral hygiene through regular brushing and flossing. At later stages, while periodontal disease can be checked by intensive treatment, the damage already done cannot be reversed. Some of the symptoms of gingival and periodontal disease are as follows:
- Swollen and bleeding gums - Swollen gums are an early sign of initial stages of gum disease. At this stage, a resumption of thorough oral hygiene along with a cleaning at the dental office should suffice to cure it and prevent any damage.
- Tender gums - Tenderness of gums will normally accompany their swelling due to early gum disease.
- Reddish Gums - Reddened gums are another sign of periodontal disease.
- Receding gums - Periodontal disease loosens the gums and makes them recede towards the root. Because of this, teeth look longer than normal. Part of the root becomes bare.
- Spaces between your teeth - Receding of gums causes spaces to appear between the teeth. These spaces are not between the tops but lower parts of the crowns and the bared parts of the roots.
- Pus between your teeth and gums - In later stages when infection bacteria have taken hold, pus may appear between the gums and the teeth.
- Bad breath - Diseases tissue of the gums gives off bad odor in addition to the pus.
- Bad taste in your mouth - Pus from the diseased tissue gives a bad taste in the mouth in addition to the bad odor.
- Loose teeth - This happens in advanced stages of the disease, jaw bone starts deteriorating, and the ligaments holding the teeth become weak, the teeth become loose in the sockets.
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite - Loosened teeth may move or get misaligned. The mating between upper and lower jaws is no more perfect. We say the ‘bite’ has changed.